Full List of The Types of Master’s Degree Around The Globe

23 min read

 Our priorities and preferences change all the time. Students worldwide opt to select a master’s program that is not entirely an extension of their undergraduate degree. For example, a student of economics may like to pursue a master of law degree. It is of utmost importance that you have a clear understanding of the types of master’s degrees offered. Knowing all the types of master’s degrees will help you make better decisions: course-based programs, thesis-based programs, and professional programs.

 Course-based master’s programs are based on lectures, seminars, and practical work experience. The thesis-based master’s programs are slightly different from the course-based programs due to their emphasis on research. As a student, you will be required to produce a thesis or research paper at the end of the program. 

 Professional programs are a little different from course-based and thesis-based programs. Though many label professional programs as course-based programs, they are not the same. Professional programs emphasize a broad curriculum to prepare students for a career in that field. Even though traditional theories are taught, a much greater emphasis is put on real-world application of the knowledge gained. Most professional programs require students to complete an internship or co-op before graduation. 

Admission requirements for each type of master's degree:

The scope of a bachelor's degree, accepted for a master's degree is wide-ranged. For example, a student with a sociology degree can pursue a law degree. GRE or GMAT may be required. The student must make sure that they have fulfilled all the prerequisite courses though.

Thesis-based programs: Prerequisites for thesis-based programs are generally a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field, some research experience, English language proficiency, if required and aptitude tests, if required. Most thesis-based programs require aptitude test results such as GRE or GMAT for both domestic and international students during admission.

Some programs may waive GRE or GMAT, sometimes.

Course-based programs: The prerequisites for course-based programs are generally a relevant bachelor’s degree, relevant work experience (sometimes it is required), English language proficiency and aptitude test results.

Professional programs: Professional programs such as MBA or MTEI accept students from across different disciplines. Professional schools emphasize work experience more, compared to bachelor’s degrees. If you want to work in the professional world, first gain hands-on work experience, learning the core principles and practices. Afterwards, you should be ready to pursue a professional degree. Most professional programs require at least 2-5 years of work experience before you can apply. Almost all programs require GRE or GMAT.  

Popular Types of course-based and thesis-based degrees:

Most programs, except professional programs, can be either thesis or course-based programs. When applying, read the program description carefully to find out. Sometimes, universities offer master’s programs which are course-based for year one and, in the second-year, students may choose either a thesis- or course-based track. 

1. Master of Arts (MA): A Master of Arts degree is awarded in arts or social science disciplines such as, education, communication, linguistics, literature, geography, history and music. Students take a combination of lectures, seminars, exams, and independent research projects. In some countries, a Masters of Letters (MLitt) is awarded to students instead. A MLitt is equivalent to the MA program.  

2. Master of Science (MSc or MS): Master of Science degree is awarded in science disciplines such as, biology, engineering, health, chemistry, computer science and statistics. Certain domains such as economics fall under both arts and science. 

3. Master of Fine Arts (MFA): Master of Fine Arts is for students who want to pursue a career as professional artists, musicians, or singers. You will learn academic theory or analysis and develop advanced performance and creative skills. It is a practice-based degree equivalent to MA.

4. Master by Research (Mphil): MPhil is an advanced research-based program that allows a student to take on particular research independently. It works as a precursor towards a Ph.D. degree. If you are unsure if you want to pursue a Ph.D. degree, you should start with an MPhil. An MPhil degree can prepare you to become a scientist or researcher. 

5. Master of Research (MRes): MRes is similar to MPhil in that it prepares a student to become a future researcher. MRes provides students an advantage if they plan to pursue a Ph.D. in the future. 

Integrated Master’s Degree:

Integrated Master’s programs are combined degrees offered with another program. It can be offered either with a bachelor’s or Ph.D. degree. Many universities offer integrated master’s programs where students take in-depth courses for a longer period. For example, Mphil students upgrade as Ph.D. students and receive a higher Ph.D. degree. 

Don’t be surprised If you see a four-year MEng program in the U.K. It is a common undergraduate master’s degree, where undergraduate students receive an MEng degree after four years. Another common form of an integrated master’s degree is “Four-year Ph.D..” These four-year Ph.D. degrees include one year of master’s before students start a three-year Ph.D. program. 

Popular types of professional degrees:

There are many types of professional degrees that are tailored to different careers. The most common professional degrees include:

1. Doctor of Jurisprudence or Juris Doctor (JD): This professional degree, Juris doctor, prepares a student for a career in practicing law. Lawyers can specialize in administrative, constitutional, criminal, or other forms of law. 

2. Doctor of Medicine: The doctor of medicine prepares students to pursue a career in medicine or surgery. Typical medical programs last for four years and students are required to work at a hospital as a doctor (resident) before completing their degree. Some examples of specialty medical degrees are: Doctor of Podiatry (D.P.M., D.P., Pod.D.), Doctor of Optometry (O.D.), Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.), Doctor of Physical Therapy (D.P.T.), etc. Specialties take a few more years to complete.

3. Doctor of Dental Medicine (D.D.S. or D.M.D): Any medical program offered to students interested in studying dental medicine. 

4. Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.): Typical, a pharmacy degree is a four-year professional degree in pharmacy.

5. Doctor of Education (EdD): The doctor of education is for educators and professionals who want to implement change within their organizations. 

6. Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD): A doctor of Pharmacy prepares individuals to work in the pharmaceutical industry with opportunities in research, teaching, clinical practice, and other key areas of the pharmacy industry. 

7. Master of Science in Nursing (M.S.N): If you have a bachelor or associate degree and want to become a nurse practitioner then you must pursue a Master in Nursing. This typical program is generally two years which include practicum and coursework. 

8. Master of Health Administration (M.H.A): This is generally a two- or three-year program for students interested in pursuing a successful career in health administration. 

9. Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M., or V.M.D.): Do you love caring for animals? Well, this program is for students who want to become a veterinary doctor. A typical program is four years long. 

10. Master of Business Administration (MBA): A Master of Business Administration is typically a two-year program that prepares students for a variety of jobs. You can become anything from a business analyst to a financial manager. 

11. Master of Engineering (MEng): A Master of Engineering is a highly specialized program offered to students who wish to become professional engineers. These programs are highly competitive and rarely offer any scholarships. 

12. Master of Law (LLM): The term LLM came from the Latin words “Legum Magister”, which means “Law Master.” This professional degree is accepted and established worldwide. Advanced training and expertise will make you more attractive to law firms. 

A comprehensive list of different types of master's degrees in order:

Master degrees are commonly referred to as graduate degrees worldwide. However, in some parts of the world, especially Europe, graduate or master’s programs are known as second-cycle programs. Here’s a complete list of master’s degrees in quasi alphabetical order. Scroll to the bottom to get a general idea of how many there are:

  1. Master of Accountancy

  2. Master of Advanced Study

  3. Master of Applied Finance

  4. Master of Applied Science

  5. Master of Architecture

  6. Master of Arts

  7. Master of Arts in Liberal Studies

  8. Master of Arts in Special Education

  9. Master of Arts in Teaching

  10. Master of Bioethics

  11. Master of Business Administration

  12. Master of Business, Entrepreneurship and Technology

  13. Master of Business

  14. Master of Business Engineering

  15. Master of Business Informatics

  16. Master of Chemistry

  17. Master of Christian Education

  18. Master of City Planning

  19. Master of Commerce

  20. Master of Computational Finance

  21. Master of Computer Applications

  22. Master of Counselling

  23. Master of Criminal Justice

  24. Master of Creative Technologies

  25. Master of Data Science

  26. Master of Defence Studies

  27. Master of Design

  28. Master of Divinity

  29. Master of Economics

  30. Master of Education

  31. Master of Engineering

  32. Master of Engineering Management

  33. Master of Enterprise

  34. Master of European Law

  35. Master of Finance

  36. Master of Financial Economics

  37. Master of Financial Engineering

  38. Master of Financial Mathematics

  39. Master of Fine Arts

  40. Master of Health Administration

  41. Master of Health Economics

  42. Master of Health Science

  43. Master of Humanities

  44. Master of Industrial and Labor Relations

  45. Master of International Affairs

  46. Master of International Business

  47. Masters of International Economics

  48. Master of International Studies

  49. Master of Information and Cybersecurity

  50. Master of Information and Data Science

  51. Master of Information Management

  52. Master of Information System Management

  53. Master of Journalism

  54. Master of Jurisprudence

  55. Master of Laws

  56. Master of Mass Communication

  57. Master of Studies in Law

  58. Master of Landscape Architecture

  59. Master of Letters

  60. Master of Liberal Arts

  61. Master of Library and Information Science

  62. Master of Management

  63. Master of Management of Innovation

  64. Master of Mathematical Finance

  65. Master of Mathematics

  66. Master of Medical Science

  67. Master of Medicine

  68. Masters of Military Art and Science

  69. Master of Military Operational Art and Science

  70. Master of Ministry

  71. Master of Music

  72. Master of Occupational Behaviour and Development

  73. Master of Occupational Therapy

  74. Master of Pharmacy

  75. Master of Philosophy

  76. Master of Physician Assistant Studies

  77. Master of Physics

  78. Master of Political Science

  79. Master of Professional Studies

  80. Master of Psychology

  81. Master of Public Administration

  82. Master of Public Affairs

  83. Master of Public Health

  84. Master of Public Management

  85. Master of Public Policy

  86. Master of Public Relations

  87. Master of Social Work

  88. Master of Public Service

  89. Master of Quantitative Finance

  90. Master of Rabbinic Studies

  91. Master of Real Estate Development

  92. Master of Religious Education

  93. Master of Research

  94. Master of Sacred Music

  95. Master of Sacred Theology

  96. Master of Science

  97. Master of Science in Administration

  98. Master of Science in Archaeology

  99. Master of Science in Biblical Archaeology

  100. Master of Science in Bioinformatics

  101. Master of Science in Computer Science

  102. Master of Science in Counselling

  103. Master of Science in Cyber Security

  104. Master of Science in Engineering

  105. Master of Science in Development Administration

  106. Master of Science in Finance

  107. Master of Science in Health Informatics

  108. Master of Science in Human Resource Development

  109. Master of Science in Information Assurance

  110. Master of Science in Information Systems

  111. Master of Science in Information Technology

  112. Master of Science in Leadership

  113. Master of Science in Management

  114. Master of Science in Nursing

  115. Master of Science in Project Management

  116. Master of Science in Supply Chain Management

  117. Master of Science in Teaching

  118. Master of Science in Taxation

  119. Master of Social Science

  120. Master of Social Work

  121. Master of Strategic Studies

  122. Master of Studies

  123. Master of Surgery

  124. Master of Taxation

  125. Master of Theological Studies

  126. Master of Technology

  127. Master of Theology

  128. Master of Urban Planning

  129. Master of Veterinary Science

SkipissuesTM- Blog Author
Canada Hey, we are a content team of Skipissues. We blog about anything or everything that students can benefit from.
You too can join us if you want to write about any student topics. Email us.

instagram twitter Linkedin email website

Article Tags

# Masters
Have a wonderful topic in mind?
Do you have a topic in your mind? Well, you can too write in this platform.
Email us at contact@skipissues.com